Program for dot product and cross product of two vectors

There are two vector A and B and we have to find the dot product and cross product of two vector array. Dot product is also known as scalar product and cross product also known as vector product.

Dot Product – Let we have given two vector A = a1 * i + a2 * j + a3 * k and B = b1 * i + b2 * j + b3 * k. Where i, j and k are the unit vector along the x, y and z directions. Then dot product is calculated as dot product = a1 * b1 + a2 * b2 + a3 * b3

Example –

A = 3 * i + 5 * j + 4 * k
B = 2 * i + 7 * j + 5 * k
dot product = 3 * 2 + 5 * 7 + 4 * 5
            = 6 + 35 + 20
            = 61

Cross Product – Let we have given two vector A = a1 * i + a2 * j + a3 * k and B = b1 * i + b2 * j + b3 * k. Then cross product is calculated as cross product = (a2 * b3 – a3 * b2) * i + (a1 * b3 – a3 * b1) * j + (a1 * b1 – a2 * b1) * k, where a2 * b3 – a3 * b2, a1 * b3 – a3 * b1 and a1 * b1 – a2 * b1 are the coefficient of unit vector along i, j and k directions.

Example –

A = 3 * i + 5 * j + 4 * k
B = 2 * i + 7 * j + 5 * k
cross product 
= (5 * 5 - 4 * 7) * i 
      + (3 * 5 - 4 * 2) * j + (3 * 7 - 5 * 2) * k
= -3 *i + 7 * j + 11 * k

Example –

Input : vect_A[] = {3, -5, 4}
        vect_B[] = {2, 6, 5}
Output : Dot product: -4
         Cross product = -49 7 28

Code –

// C++ implementation for dot product
// and cross product of two vector.
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
#define n 3
using namespace std;
// Function that return
// dot product of two vector array.
int dotProduct(int vect_A[], int vect_B[])
{
    int product = 0;
    // Loop for calculate cot product
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        product = product + vect_A[i] * vect_B[i];
    return product;
}
// Function to find
// cross product of two vector array.
void crossProduct(int vect_A[], int vect_B[], int cross_P[])
{
    cross_P[0] = vect_A[1] * vect_B[2] - vect_A[2] * vect_B[1];
    cross_P[1] = vect_A[0] * vect_B[2] - vect_A[2] * vect_B[0];
    cross_P[2] = vect_A[0] * vect_B[1] - vect_A[1] * vect_B[0];
}
// Driver function
int main()
{
    int vect_A[] = { 3, -5, 4 };
    int vect_B[] = { 2, 6, 5 };
    int cross_P[n];
    // dotProduct function call
    cout << "Dot product:";
    cout << dotProduct(vect_A, vect_B) << endl;
    // crossProduct function call
    cout << "Cross product:";
    crossProduct(vect_A, vect_B, cross_P);
    // Loop that print
    // cross product of two vector array.
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        cout << cross_P[i] << " ";
    return 0;
}

Output –

-4
-49 7 28


Disclaimer: This does not belong to TechCodeBit, its an article taken from the below
source and credits.
source and credits:http://www.geeksforgeeks.org/program-dot-product-cross-product-two-vector/
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rakesh

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